Miller Group

Our lab aims to understand the molecular mechanisms that maintain eukaryotic genome stability during DNA replication using a combination of genetic, biochemical, cellular, and structural techniques, including cryo-EM

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The molecular mechanisms of faithful genome replication
Accurate chromosome replication is essential for controlled cell proliferation and the faithful transfer of genetic information from one generation to the next. A failure to maintain genome stability can cause diverse developmental disorders and age-related diseases, including accelerated neurodegeneration and cancer. Eukaryotic genomes are duplicated by large, multi-component protein machines called replisomes. At their core, replisomes consist of a helicase that unwinds duplex DNA and polymerases that catalyse the synthesis of new DNA molecules according to the parental template. A diverse range of accessory factors are also required facilitate the faithful replication of eukaryotic chromosomes, which contain an array of ‘obstacles’ that could otherwise stall or inhibit the replication machinery. Together, the replisome and accessory factors regulate the timing, speed and accuracy of replication, minimising replication errors and preventing genome instability. Our group aims to understand the molecular mechanisms by which eukaryotic replisomes and accessory factors preserve genome stability during DNA replication and how failures in these mechanisms cause disease. Ultimately, we plan to use the knowledge we gain to develop novel therapeutic approaches to prevent or treat human disorders linked to genome instability.

figure -potential obstacles to dna replication
The replisome is a complex multi-component molecular machine that must overcome diverse ‘obstacles’ to faithfully replicate eukaryotic chromosomes. Our group uses a range of genetic, biochemical, cellular and structural techniques (including cryo-EM), to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying replisome assembly and function.

 

  • The mechanisms and regulation of MCM helicase loading

  • Replication-coupled DNA-protein crosslink (DPC) repair

  • Accessory helicases in DNA replication

  • Electron microscopy methods development – ‘Reconstitution in silico’ (RECONSIL)

 

 

We welcome applications from motivated postdoctoral and predoctoral researchers as well as master students. Please contact us at tmiller@sund.ku.dk

 

 

 

  • Miller TCR, Locke J, Greiwe JF, Diffley JFX, Costa A. Mechanism of head-to-head MCM double-hexamer formation revealed by cryo-EM. Nature, 2019 Nov 20; 575, 704-710. 

  • Miller TCR, Costa A. The architecture and function of the chromatin replication machinery. Current Opinion in Structural Biology, 2017 Dec 1; 47, 9-16. 

  • Ichikawa Y*, Connelly CF*, Appleboim A, Miller TCR, Jacobi H, Abshiru NA, Chou HJ, Chen Y, Sharma U, Zheng Y, Thomas PM, Chen HV, Bajaj V, Müller CW, Kelleher NL, Friedman N, Bolon DNA, Rando OJ, Kaufman PD. A synthetic biology approach to probing nucleosome symmetry. Elife, 2017 Sep 12; 6:e28836.
     
  • Miller TCR, Simon B, Rybin V, Grötsch H, Curtet S, Khochbin S, Carlomagno T, Mueller CW. A bromodomain-DNA interaction facilitates acetylation-dependent bivalent nucleosome recognition by the BET protein BRDT. Nature Communications, 2016 Dec 19; 7:13855.

 

 

Group Leader

foto af tomTom Miller
Associate Professor of Genome Stability
tmiller@sund.ku.dk
(+45) 35 32 70 74

Molecular Aging Program
Center for Chromosome Stability